Whether Mozart or Metallica, music can ease your pain

By Jiali Fan

Music therapy as a new auxiliary treatment goes mainstream in hospitals and nursing homes, said Melbourne music therapists.

Dr Grace Thompson, the National President of Australian Music Therapy Association said that music has the power to help recovery from surgery and other medical procedures.

Music therapist who can provide clinical music therapy services to children, elderly people, disabilities aims to use the experience of music to aid the patient in attaining, maintaining, or regaining optimum levels of functioning or adaptation in all areas of health and development.

Music Therapy infographic

“While music therapy is not a new thing … it is increasingly accepted in mainstream medicine as a credible allied health profession in the last few years,” Dr Thompson said.

“Now we have over 500 members in Australia, and most report they have as much work as they want to have,” she said.

Dr Libby Flynn, who as a registered music therapist worked for eight years in Australia said her career is built upon bringing happiness and enjoyment in people’s lives and that is very satisfying.

“With different patients, I suggest creating different playlists,” she said.

“And if it’s a song that is close to them, maybe a football theme song or a favorite song, they’re more likely to be able to rhyme to, which can be very validating and motivates them to continue with the program,” Dr Flynn said.

Listening to music can activate many parts of the brain and it can serve many different functions.

“For example, with neurological patients, even though they often can’t speak they can often still sing and song lyrics are stored differently to other kinds of language,” Dr Flynn said.

Music therapy currently as a new Master subject qualified by two universities in Australia including University of Melbourne and University of Western Sydney.

Dr Alison Short, a music therapist practitioner and academic senior lecturer from University of Western Sydney said that they offer a thorough study of the theory, practice and research of music therapy.

Although music therapists say the sessions are often successful, they can go awry, for example if the music is over-stimulating or brings back painful memories.

But the registered music therapists “are pretty well trained to know what is going on if there is a sudden change in mood or something,” Dr Short said.


The overabundance of choice on the shelves is stressing us out

The bread options at a Woolworths supermarket in Melbourne, Australia. Too many choices can trouble consumers. Photo: Jiali Fan

By Jiali Fan

Three in five Australians suffer from analysis paralysis when it comes to choosing products at supermarket and shops, new research reveals.

Comparison website Choosi’s research shows too much choice is making it harder to choose between similar options.

Rather than enjoying shopping, the research suggested, people paid more attention to whether they missed a “better” choice, making the decision-making process harder in a phenomenon called “analysis paralysis”.

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Coles Human Resource Manager Anthony Takyi said they had received some customer feedback saying there was confusion created by large choice of products.

“We are currently taking the brand issues into account and we are considering reducing the types of products. Only selected lines with high quality will be sellable,” Mr Takyi said.

“We need to make sure our products are presentable on shelf and serve our supporting consumers at the maximal level,” he said.

Monash University Associate Professor Dr Antonio Verdejo, from the School of Psychological Sciences, said the idea of choice is good as it offers freedom, self-determination and autonomy but too many roughly equivalent options induces stress, anxiety and even fear in customers.

“We often use heuristics and affective signals to expedite our decisions in an advantageous way and when we deal with multiple options and complex information the decision process slows down,” Dr Verdejo said.

“This kind of overstimulation can let consumers end up less satisfied with the result of the choice and even get sidetracked from their original goal.”

The study by Core Data Research found that 29 per cent of Australians have made a large purchasing decision they later regretted.

But Monash professor in cognitive neuroscience Jeroen Van Boxtel said in practice, people’s earlier experiences with shopping went some way to prevent this.

“If there are so many different options which are all different in many small ways…it is almost impossible to compare them analytically and people generally stick with the choice they have made a long time ago,” he said.

“In supermarkets, this long time ago may refer to when you grew up as a child, you got use to a certain brand of product and as an adult you just continue buying that one without thinking too much about it.”

The research also reveals while most Australians say modern conveniences make their lives easier, 87 per cent feel that an easier life does not necessarily equate to a better life.